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Spermicides

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Chemical Method

Spermicides affect the way a sperm travels in the womb making it hard for them to move freely and fertilize an egg.

EFFICACY
TYPICAL USE

72% Info

Spermicides

Use it right!

72%

Efficacy with typical use

Where there is a risk of inappropriate application, inconsistent use or just plain human error.

82%

Efficacy with correct use

When used with 100% accuracy, not relying on self-administration and used exactly according to instruction.

Approximately %s out of every 100 women in a year will experience an unintended pregnancy

Approximately %s out of every 100 women in a year will experience an unintended pregnancy

FYI without contraception 85 in 100 young women will get pregnant this year.
Remember, if you're going to do it it's worth doing right.


Source: Trussell J. Contraceptive Efficacy. Efficacy at typical and correct use figures. In: Hatcher RA, Trussell J, Nelson AL, Cates W, Kowal D, Policar M. Contraceptive Technology: Twentieth Revised Edition. New York NY: Ardent Media, 2011.

REGIMEN

EVERY TIME Info

Spermicides

Do it properly.

Spermicides must be used, along with a cervical cap, diaphragm or other barrier method, every time you have sex.

Benefits

  • Low cost
  • Hormone free
  • Widely available

    A CONTRACEPTIVE
    ADD ON

    Spermicides aren’t very effective on their own and shouldn’t be used alone as a contraceptive but when used with a diaphragm, a cervical cap or a condom, they suddenly start making an impact. They come in all sorts of forms, pastes, foams, films and more, but they all work by creating an environment that makes life difficult for sperm to move around freely. They are an add on option.

    Spermicides - Chemical Method
    • How to use Spermicides
    • Spermicides How to use

    HOW TO

    Seeing as spermicides aren’t recommended as a contraceptive on their own, the instructions on how to use them lie in the other method you are using them with. You need to put spermicide into the vagina 5 to 90 minutes before you have sex.
    You usually need to leave it in place at least 6 to 8 hours after sex; do not douche or rinse the vagina for at least 6 hours after sex. Instructions can be different for each type of spermicide. Whether you’re using a cervical cap, a diaphragm, male or female condoms or another method, read the instructions before you use it and pay attention to expiry dates.

    PROS AND CONS

    • It can be used on demand
    • It’s easy to use
    • It is hormone free
    • It’s widely available
    • It requires keeping track of the hours inserted
    • It may cause some irritation, allergic reactions, urinary tract infection
    • If you are also using a medicine for a vaginal yeast infection, the spermicide might not work as well
    • Should not be used as a contraceptive on its own as it is not effective
    • Does not protect against HIV infection (AIDS) and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs)

    GIRLS TALK

    LEARN HOW TO TALK ABOUT IT WITH:

    Your HCP

    Your HCP

    Your healthcare provider knows the subject better than anyone; get the right answers for you

    Your Parents

    Your Parents

    They know you better than anyone, and they’ve been through it too

    Your Partner

    Your Partner

    You’re in this together, and not just in the bedroom, be honest

    FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

    Can I use spermicides alone as the only contraceptive method?

    No, it is not recommended. Spermicides aren’t very effective on their own and shouldn’t be used alone as a contraceptive but when used with a diaphragm, a cervical cap or a condom, they begin to make a difference.

    Can every couple use spermicides?

    Spermicides can be used by couples of all ages. However, some couples may experience some irritation, allergic reactions, urinary tract infections.

    Can spermicides be used together with a condom?

    Yes, spermicide can be used at the same time as latex condoms. The spermicidal active ingredient does not attack the latex material.

    Do I really have to wait the indicated time before intercourse?

    Yes, always. You usually need to leave it in place at least 6 to 8 hours after sex; do not douche or rinse the vagina for at least 6 hours after sex. Instructions can be different for each type of spermicide. Whether you’re using a cervical cap, a diaphragm, male or female condoms or another method, read the instructions before you use it and pay attention to expiry dates.

    What about body hygiene - can I use soap after the application of spermicides?

    After you have had sexual intercourse and used spermicides you can have a shower or wash, depending on the type. Some spermicides won't interact with normal soaps or body wash products. Others can become less effective when exposed to substances, like common soaps or shower gels. Make sure that you carefully read through the given directions.